Satoshi Nakamoto is how the creator of Bitcoin is known. No one knows his identity. He or she (or them) has invented the Bitcoin protocol and was subsequently published in a scientific paper through the Cryptography Mailing List in November 2008.
To this day, a lot of names and theories about Bitcoin's authorship have been noted. But none have been confirmed so far.
At first several informations hooked Satoshi Nakamoto to Michael Clear, a cryptography student at Trinity College Dublin. An institution to which three other names belong to which the origin of Bitcoin was subsequently related: Donal O'Mahony, Michael Peirce and Hitesh Tewari. They all denied the information.
Other names shuffled in authorship assignment are due to the fact that the bitcoin.org domain, originally used to publish the scientific paper created by Satoshi, had been registered three days before the patent application. It was registered in Finland and one of the authors of the patent had travelled there six months before the domain was registered.
In any case, when the bitcoin.org domain was registered on August 18, 2008, the person who registered it used an anonymous Japanese registration service and hosting used a Japanese ISP. Registration of the site was then transferred to Finland on 18 May 2011.
Others think it was Martii Malmi, a developer from Finland who has been involved in the development of bitcoin from the beginning, creating its user interface.
Hal Finney, Michael Weber, Wei Dai and other developers are among the names that occasionally come to light in media reports and online forum discussions such as potential "Satoshis"
Some even think bitcoin has been the creation of 4 leading tennis companies as Satoshi Nakamoto's name carries clues to them: SAmsung, TOSHIba, NAKAmichi, and MOTOrola.
Based on interviews with people who have worked with him/her in the early stages of Bitcoin development is that his system is very well thought out.
His programming skills were unconventional, according to the words of developer Jeff Garzik, as he did not apply the same tests on the code you might expect from a classic computer engineer.
An analysis by Sergio Lerner, an authority on the Bitcoin world and cryptography, suggests that Satoshi mined most of the first blocks of the network and that he could have a fortune of about one million bitcoins.
There are also, as is often the case in these cases, many theories that link the origin of Bitcoin to one of the intelligence organizations, CIA, FBI…. Despite this, developer Jeff Garzik makes it clear:
"Satoshi published an open source system so that no one needed to know who he was or what knowledge he had. Open source software makes it impossible for secrets to be hidden. The source code speaks for itself."
Today, Bitcoin is much larger than satoshi Nakamoto's figure. It doesn't matter who it is for many anymore. Its initial code has been improved thanks to the efforts of some of the best brains on the planet working collaboratively and totally altruistically on a daily basis making this technology a technology to stay.
→ We all create Bitcoin!
In the traditional monetary system, when a government needs more balance they simply print it. In the Bitcoin system, it is not created, it is discovered. This fact is called mining.